Top 22 Famous Ancient Greek Statues and Sculptures
Updated 08/8/2023 11:05 AM By George Wang
In traditional Western art, ancient Greek sculpture has a high status. Greek art has the characteristics of idealism, elegance and refinement, and expresses the beauty of existence in external forms. Ancient Greek myths and legends are the sources of ancient Greek sculpture art. It is the interpretation of the Greeks on the combination of nature and society. Thus expressing the most idealized art form.
Greek statues have long been admired for their remarkable attention to detail, expressive features, and elegant postures. This article presents the most important and well-known works of sculpture from Ancient Greece.
1. Nymph with a Shell:
A Roman replica of a Hellenistic Greek sculpture, this work was one of the many ancient Greek pieces replicated by the French sculptor Antoine for Louis XIV’s Palace of Versailles. It’s currently housed in the Louvre Museum.
2. Menelaus Supporting the Body of Patroclus:
Believed to depict the moment from the Trojan War when King Menelaus of Sparta supports the body of the fallen Patroclus. A 3rd-century BCE Greek original with a copy from the Flavian dynasty era (69-96 AD) found in Rome. Menelaus, the husband of Helen, was the brother of Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. This sculpture captures a tragic moment, related to Achilles’ closest companion, Patroclus.
3. Leda and the Swan:
Crafted by Timotheus, who was known for overseeing several famous Greek temple constructions. The original depicted Leda protecting a swan from an eagle. The swan was actually Zeus in disguise, who later fathered several children with Leda, including the beautiful Helen who sparked the Trojan War.
4. Bust of Serapis:
Serapis was a deity from the Greco-Egyptian era. This sculpture, created by Bryaxis, originally resided in the Serapis temple in Alexandria. A Roman replica, it’s currently in the Vatican Museum.
5. Apollo from the Belvedere:
Originated from a bronze work by the Greek sculptor Leochares between 330-320 BCE. A Roman marble copy dating from 130-140 AD, standing at 88.2 inches, it was unearthed in the 16th century and is now in the Vatican Museum.
6. Diana of Versailles:
Greek sculptor Leochares made several similar statues of Diana around 325 BCE. This Roman copy stands at 78.7 inches and is displayed in the Louvre Museum.
7. Ganymede Abducted by the Eagle:
Created by Leochares around 325 BCE, this Roman replica stands at 40.6 inches and resides in the Vatican Museum. Ganymede, a beautiful Trojan youth, was taken to Mount Olympus by Zeus (disguised as an eagle) to serve as a cupbearer to the gods.
The god of medicine in Greek mythology, son of Apollo. Sculptures often depict him with the Rod of Asclepius. Over time, this staff with a single entwined serpent became a symbol for various medical organizations worldwide.
9. Artemis (Huntress) Statue:
A Roman copy of a 4th-century BCE original by Kephisodotos. Discovered in 1873 in Rome’s Horti Vettiani, it’s currently housed in the Capitoline Museums.
10. Woman in Chiton:
The artist remains unknown. This Roman replica from the Hellenistic period was discovered in 1874 atop Esquiline Hill in Rome. A “chiton” is a type of ancient Greek garment. This statue, likely representing a muse playing a lyre, is in the Capitoline Museums.
11. Crouching Aphrodite (Venus) of Palazzo Altemps:
A Roman copy of a 3rd-century BCE original by Doidalsas of Bithynia. It can be viewed at the Palazzo Altemps Museum in Rome.
12.Crouching Aphrodite (Venus) of Louvre:
Artist unknown. A Hellenistic sculpture with a 2nd-century AD Roman copy standing at 28.3 inches. It’s housed in the Louvre Museum.
13. Laocoön and His Sons:
A marble group statue about 72.4 inches tall, representing a masterpiece from the Hellenistic period. Created by artists such as Agesander around the 1st century BCE, it’s showcased in the Vatican Museums. Michelangelo and Goethe have praised this work for its striking drama and masterful composition.
A Roman replica of a late 5th-century BCE Greek original, standing at 80.3 inches, it’s part of the collection in Rome’s Capitoline Museums.
15. Athena of Mattei:
Possibly created by Greek sculptors Cephisodotos or Euphranor in the 4th century BCE, this Roman copy stands at 90.6 inches and can be admired in the Louvre Museum.
16.Athena of Piraeus:
Thought to be from the 4th century BCE by either Kephisodotos or Euphranor, this sculpture can be found at the Piraeus Archaeological Museum in Athens.
17. Seated Warrior:
An artist remains unknown for this Roman replica, which is displayed at the Palazzo Altemps Museum in Rome.
A creation of Greek sculptor Agasias of Ephesus, this statue was found in Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin.
19. Wounded Gallic Warrior:
Created by the Pergamenian school around 100 CE, located in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
20. Apollo with the Lyre:
A Roman replica of a Hellenistic original, restored in the 17th century, found in Palazzo Altemps, Rome.
21. Farnese Bull:
The largest known Greek sculpture, this work is attributed to Apollonius of Tralles and Tauriscus and is showcased in the Naples National Archaeological Museum.
22. Sleeping Hermaphrodite:
Hellenistic sculpture, 2nd century AD Roman copy, restored by David Lalique in 1619, marble mattress added by Bernini in 1619. Now in the Louvre. Greek mythology: Hermaphrodite is the son of the two 12 main gods, Hermes and Venus, a handsome young man who was later feminized.
Well, that wraps up our discussion on sculptures for today, everyone.
It’s probably evident by now, but we are genuinely captivated by these masterpieces. Sculpting is truly an art to be revered, and thanks to the Greeks, we continue to appreciate it even today!
If you’re considering a custom sculpture or famous Greek sculpture replica for your home or estate, don’t hesitate to contact us. We’re here to assist! We could make these sculptures in marble and bronze. Alternatively, head over to YouFine website to browse a curated collection tailored just for you!