What Does the Thinker Statue Represent?
The Thinker statue is the work of the famous French sculptor Auguste Rodin and is regarded as one of the top ten classic sculptures in the Western. Like many classic works, it is not the result of positioning at that time, but gradually evolved into a historical and cultural symbol in the washing of years and ideas. Although people have made a lot of interpretations from the perspectives of art and humanities, they have not analyzed and understood the characteristics and laws of human thoughts, and neglected some valuable ideas.
When the Thinker Statue was first exhibited in Copenhagen in 1888, Rodin named it as “The Poet.” When it was exhibited in Paris in 1889, he was renamed as ” The Thinker – Poet”. After that, he was named the Thinker. The two changes in this name reflect that Rodin’s ideological understanding of the work is constantly changing, transforming Dante’s specific image of evil thinking in hell into a common image of the thinker.
The Thinker Statue has shaped a powerful working man. The giant bent over, bent his knees, and held his lower jaw in his right hand, ignoring the tragedy that occurred below. His deep gaze and the gesture of his fist touching his lips showed an extremely painful mood. He is eager to sink into “absolute” meditation, trying to shrink and bend the strong body into a ball. His muscles are very tense, not only thinking intently, but also immersed in distress.
He watched the tragedy played below. He sympathized and loved humanity, and therefore could not make a final judgment on those who committed crimes. Therefore, with his extremely contradictory mood, in his deep meditation, he reflected the inner sorrow of the great poet Dante. This depressed inner feeling is vividly expressed through the artistic treatment of facial expressions and muscles of the limbs. For example, the prominent forehead and eyebrows bowed the eyes, hidden in the shadows, and had a strong, contemplative expression, like the tightly bent calf tendon and the curved toes, which strongly conveyed this. Painful emotions. This surface is quiet and hidden inside is even more thought-provoking.
Why did Rodin use this bold and strong nude image to create “Thinker” and prepare it to be placed on top of his large embossed door ornament “The Gate of Hell”? Let’s use Rodin’s own words explain it, he said: “A person’s image and posture will inevitably reveal the emotions in his heart, and the body expresses the inner spirit. For those who understand this view, nude is the most meaningful.” In this work, he is on the one hand. It adopts the precise method of realism and expresses the humanistic thought consistent with the poet Dante.
The reason why the Thinker Statue makes people never lose sight of it, every time they see it will have different experience, there is a lasting charm standing in the human spiritual homeland, because Rodin skillfully shapes the rich ideological connotation and complete characters. Incorporating it, it has some unique and eternal things, attracting people to explore and decrypt.