One of the most influential people in the world from China but belongs to the world–Confucius !
Part I The Introduction of Confucius
Confucius (September 28, 551 BC – April 11, 479 BC), the surname, Kong, the name of the hill, the word Zhong Ni, the end of the Spring and Autumn Period Lu Guofan (now Shandong Qufu), ancestral Song Guoli yi(now Henan Xia Wei). Confucius was a famous thinker and educator in ancient China. He pioneered the atmosphere of private lectures and advocated benevolence, righteousness, courtesy, wisdom, and faith. He was the founder of the Confucian school.
Confucius once worked in Laozi, leading some disciples to travel around the country for fourteen years, and revised the six classics in his later years, namely, “Poetry”, “Book”, “Li”, “Le”, “Easy”, “Spring and Autumn”. According to legend, he has three thousand disciples, including seventy-two. After the death of Confucius, his disciples and their disciples recorded the words and deeds of Confucius and his disciples, and compiled them into Confucian classics.
Confucius was honored as “the Sacred God of Heaven” and “the sacred temple of heaven” in ancient times. It was one of the most scholars in the society at that time. He was honored as the Confucius, the Most Holy, the Holy Master, and Dacheng by the rulers of later generations. To the sacred sect of the king of the king, the master of the world. His Confucianism has profound influence on China and the world. Confucius is listed as the “Top Ten Cultural Celebrities in the World”. With the expansion of the influence of Confucius, the “Palace of the Sacrifice”, which was worshiped by Confucius, was once the “big bang” of the same level as the ancestors of the Chinese ancestors.
Part II The Experience Of Confucius
Confucius was a nobleman of the Song Dynasty. The five-year-old Zumu Jinfu took refuge to Lu, and later decided to avoid Lu Guofan. The uncle Liang Shu is a warrior of the Lu State, and he heard the princes with courage.
Confucius lost his father at the age of 3, and moved with his mother Yan Zheng and was taught by him. Confucius was young, “playing for children, often Chen Beans, set up courtesy.” When he was young, he was poor and he was determined to study at the age of 15. He has done the “euphemism” of managing warehouses and “taking the field” to manage cattle and sheep. He is humbly eager to learn, learns the impermanence of the teacher, and has been told that he has been asked to ritual in the old man, learning to be happy in Hong, and learning to play in the teacher.
At the age of 30, Confucius had learned a lot and became a well-known scholar in the local area. He also taught in the shackles and started a private school. The core of his thought is “benevolence” and “benevolence” means “love”. He regards “benevolence” as the norm and purpose of the benevolence, and makes “benevolence” and “ritual” mutually useful. It is advocated that the rulers “report the morality and the courtesy of the people”, thus reappearing the Western Zhou Dynasty’s prosperous life of “religious rites and levies from the emperor”, and thus realize the “Great Harmony” ideal that he is always yearning for.
When Confucius was 35 years old, he was rushing because of the domestic chaos. In order to get close to Qi Jinggong, he became the vassal of Gao Zhaozi, a nobleman of Qi State. The following year, Qi Jinggong asked Confucius for political affairs. Confucius said: “Jun is like a monarch, a minister is like a minister, a father is like a father, and a child is like a child.” Jing Gong greatly appreciated, and wanted to use Confucius, because Qi Qiying Ying blocked it, so Let it go. I want to return to Lu in the near future, continue to study and learn, and train my disciples.
At the age of 51, he was killed by Lu Guozhong (now Wenzhou Shangxi local official). Because of the political and political side, “one year, the four parties are all”. At the age of 52, Zhongduzai was promoted to Lu Guosikong and Da Siyu. In the 500th year of BC (Lu Dinggong ten years), Lu and Qi Qiugui meeting, Confucius proposed that “there are people who have military affairs, and those who have military affairs have written articles.” Qi Jinggong wants to threaten Lu Jun to follow the example. Confucius reprimanded Jinggong with rituals and preserved the nationality, so that Qi Hou had to agree to settle the alliance and return the Lu and the ruins to the country.
When Confucius was 54 years old, he was entrusted by Ji Zizi and took photos. In order to improve the authority of the monarch, he put forward the idea of “three squats” and three shackles (the three doctors). The result was rejected by the three doctors and failed. At the age of 55, Lu Guojun accepted the beauty of Wenma, which was donated by Qi State. Confucius was greatly disappointed, abandoning the official separation from Lu, leading the disciples to travel around the country, and looking for opportunities to display their talents. There are no more than 70 “junes”. In the first 484 years (Lu Yangong eleven years), Lu Guoji Kangzi listened to the persuasion of Confucius disciples before sending people to greet him from the defending country.
Confucius returned to Lu, although he was revered as “the old country,” he still could not be reused. He is no longer seeking a job, but concentrates on continuing education and documentation. He has trained more than 3,000 disciples throughout his life, and he has 72 people who are in the six arts (ritual, music, shooting, imperial, book, number). In the teaching practice, summed up a set of educational theories, such as teaching students according to their aptitude, paying equal attention to learning, giving inferences, inspiring and inducing teaching principles, and the spirit of teaching, and the tireless teaching spirit, and “knowing what you know, not knowing what you don’t know” and “not being ashamed to ask” The attitude of learning is praised by future generations. He successively deleted “Poetry” and “Book”, ordered “Li”, “Le”, and “Spring and Autumn”, and comprehensively organized the ancient Chinese literature. Old and happy “Easy”, has reached the level of “Weibian three must”.
At the age of 69, the only son, Kong Tong, died. At the age of 71, he was proud of his death. Confucius was extremely sad and lamented: “Tian mourning! Heaven mourns!” In the year, someone captured a monster called Lin in the western part of the country, and soon died. He believes that the unicorn that symbolizes benevolence and auspiciousness has died and is the ominous sign of the chaos in the world. He stopped the compilation of the book “Spring and Autumn.” At the age of 72, I suddenly heard that Zi Zhong was killed in the national disaster and mourned. The following year (the first 479 years) in the second month of the summer calendar, Confucius went to bed for 7 days.
The main words and deeds of Confucius’s life were compiled into the “The Analects of Confucius” by his disciples and his disciples, and became the classics of the Confucian school of later generations.